Today I decided I’m going to set up a development server on my primary computer (which has pretty beefy specs, by the way) using VirtualBox and Ubuntu Gnome (which should have been the default desktop environment of Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, rather than the practically unusable Ubuntu Unity).
A few preliminary steps:
1) Download and install VirtualBox.
2) Download Ubuntu Gnome 14.04.1 LTS
3) Click New in VirtualBox to make a new Virtual Machine.
Use the following settings when creating the virtual machine:
Name: Ubuntu Gnome
Version: Ubuntu (64 bit) depending on your machine’s architecture
Memory size: 1024 MB
Hard drive type: VDI
Storage method: Dynamically allocated
Disk size: 40 GB
4) Start the Ubuntu Gnome virtual machine and select the Ubuntu Gnome .iso file you downloaded as the selected CD/DVD device.
5) Upon booting up, select “Install Ubuntu Gnome” at the top of the left-hand Favorites panel.
6) Use default options. When I had the option of partitioning schemes, I selected LVM because it allows for resizing partitions easily (which may be necessary since I only started with 40GB).
7) After the Ubuntu Gnome installation completes and reboots, you need to go into terminal and type the following in order to install Guest Additions:
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-guest-dkms virtualbox-guest-utils virtualbox-guest-x11
Then do another reboot and the Virtual Machine should display in high resolution (instead of a small 4-inch wide by 3-inch tall square).